The Influence of Social Capital on Knowledge Sharing
among Farmers in Malaysia

Amir Imran Zainoddin, Nur Amalina Aziz, Ahmad Syahmi Ahmad Fadzil
Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA

Mohd Rizaimy Shaharudin
Smart Manufacturing Research Institute, School of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA,

Nor Hidayah Hassim
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA


The study intended to explore the influence of social capital in terms of structural, relational, and cognitive dimensions on knowledge sharing among farmers working in two community projects: (i) Paddy in Kedah and (ii) Chilli Farming in Kelantan. A total of 140 usable responses were received from farmers, who were also the study respondents. The analysis was conducted using SPSS and PLS-SEM. As such, the study’s intention to uncover the role of social capital on knowledge sharing among farmers was guided by the philosophical basis of social capital theory to assess the impact among farmers who participated in the CSR activities through the concept of Creating Shared Value (CSV) programme. The results of the study unveiled relational and cognitive dimensions to influence knowledge sharing significantly, whereas the structural dimension was found to be statistically insignificant. These outcomes were expected to benefit new and current research, especially in bridging the knowledge gap business–community relations in CSR. The role of social capital is significant for community development as it provides available resources that help to support individuals through their business-driven ventures.

Keywords: Corporate social responsibility, Knowledge sharing, Multinational company, Social capital