The Impact of Safety Climate on Malaysian Seafarers’ Safety Performance: A Pilot Study

Suzanna Razali Chan, Norlida Abdul Hamid
Arshad Ayub Graduate Business School, Universiti Teknologi MARA

Kasypi Mokhtar
Department of Maritime Management, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu


Research has shown that safety climate predicts safety performance in a variety of settings. Safety climate study in the shipping industry is in the early phase and still growing. This research accordingly aims to examine the effects of safety climate towards safety performance among Malaysian seafarers. Through purposive sampling, a pilot study with a sample size of 50 respondents from among the seafarers working on various types of commercial ships based in Peninsular Malaysia was conducted. Accordingly, Exploratory Factor Analysis, Cronbach Alpha and multiple regression analysis were conducted to analyse the impact of safety climate on safety performance. In terms of the validity and reliability of items measurement of the questionnaire, the result indicates some level of significance and that the questionnaire is ready to be used for the actual study.

Keywords: Safety climate, Safety performance, Seafarers, Safety participation, Safety compliance