Enhancing SMEs Employees’ Intention on Innovative Behavior: The Role of Self- Efficacy, Thriving and Perceived Behavioral Control
Pusat Pengajian Pengurusan, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Serene Ng Siew Imm, Ho Jo Ann, Azmawani Abd Rahman
Fakulti Ekonomi dan Pengurusan, Universiti Putra Malaysia
SMEs are facing the challenges to cope with innovation and employees capabilities. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between perceived behavioural control and intention of SMEs employees on innovative behaviour. The relationship between antecedents of self-efficacy and thriving were also examined in this study. The questionnaires were adapted from previous studies. After that, the questionnaires were distributed among employees working in Electrical and Electronic (E & E) Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). A total of 201 samples of data were analyzed using Partial Least Squares (PLS) technique. Empirical findings revealed that perceived behavioural control is significantly related to intention. The results also showed a positive relationship between antecedent of self-efficacy and perceived behavioural control, and thriving and perceived behavioural control. Management of SMEs should be responsive to the employee’s potential to become innovative. This study also provides practical guidelines for managers to enhance employee’s innovative behaviour by increasing the level of self-efficacy, thriving and perceived behavioural control towards innovative behaviour. This study provides useful information for researchers and entrepreneurs in realizing the importance of self-efficacy and thriving when employees’ experience perceived behavioural control towards the intention to engage in innovative behaviour.
Keywords: Innovative behaviour, Intention, Self-efficacy, Thriving, Entrepreneurship, SMEs