Determining Entrepreneurial Intention Among Undergraduate Students in Malaysia Using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)
Azlin Shafinaz Arshad , Siti Nur Nazmin Abdul Rahim , Yasmin Kamall Khan
Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Kampus Puncak Alam
One of the main issues many countries face is unemployment. Entrepreneurship has been acknowledged as a means of solving unemployment problems. The study aims to determine the factors influencing the entrepreneurial intention of undergraduate students after having exposure to entrepreneurship subjects. This study adopts a quantitative approach using an e-survey and was distributed to students in one of the higher learning institutions in Malaysia. A stratified sampling method was chosen and only 100 responses can be used for further analysis. The data was analyzed using SPSS. Results of the study show that personal attitude and family influence have a significant relationship with students’ intention to start a business. However, there is no significant relationship between perceived behavioral control and entrepreneurial intention. The study has provided valuable insights for the university to develop more effective entrepreneurship programs besides providing support to those who are passionate to go into business.
Keywords: entrepreneurial intention, family influence, personal attitude, perceived behavioral control