An Alternative on the Usage of Marine Mollusc Heparin as the Halal Anticoagulant Source among Muslim Consumers

Mohd Amzari Tumiran, Mohd Zaid Daud, Nur Farhani Zarmani
Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA


Halal pharmaceuticals are on the rise as far-sighted businesses compete in the sector and obtain halal certification, particularly in Malaysia, South Korea and Indonesia. One of the most necessary issues to take into consideration is the development of anticoagulants in halal pharmaceuticals. Heparin serves as an anticoagulant and potential as an anticancer agent. Organs and tissues such as lungs, liver, ileum, skin, lymph, and thymus in certain mammals and vertebrates contain most of heparin. However, heparin usually derived from pig derivatives and provided through the chemical extraction from pig intestine, which are clearly not syariah-compliant. The objective of this review paper is to describe the potential of marine molluscs as an alternative source of halal heparin for its anticoagulant effects in the pharmaceutical sector. The heparin extracted from marine molluscs have a different blood-coagulating system compared to mammals. The potential of heparin extract of marine molluscs as a halal alternative source were refined and discussed, also expected to meet the requirements of halal pharmaceuticals for Muslim consumerism.

Keywords: Halal pharmaceuticals, Heparin, Marine molluscs, Anticoagulant, Muslim consumers